Love your enemies—remember the moral claims of human brotherhood.
The futility of evil: A wrong is not righted by vengeance. Do not make the mistake of fighting evil with its own weapons.
Have faith—confidence in the eventual triumph of divine justice and eternal goodness.
But with all this, Jesus was interested only in the individual, not the mass. Jesus was not a sociologist, but he did labor to break down all forms of selfish isolation. He taught pure sympathy, compassion. Michael of Nebadon [the divine position of Jesus as the Celestial Creator of the local universe identified as Nebadon which comprises of the regions of the Milky way galaxy consisting about 3.8 million worlds like earth] is a mercy-dominated Son (of God) ; compassion is his very nature.
The Master did not say that men should never entertain their friends , but he did say that his followers should make feasts for the poor and the unfortunate. Jesus had a firm sense of justice, but it was always tempered with mercy. He did not teach his apostles that they were to be imposed upon by social parasites or professional alms-seekers. The nearest he came to making sociological pronouncements was to say, “Judge not, that you be not judged.”
He made it clear that indiscriminate kindness may be blamed for many social evils. The following day Jesus definitely instructed Judas that no apostolic funds were to be given out as alms except upon his request or upon the joint petition of two of the apostles. In all these matters it was the practice of Jesus always to say, “Be as wise as serpents but as harmless as doves.” It seemed to be his purpose in all social situations to teach patience, tolerance, and forgiveness.
The family occupied the very center of Jesus’ philosophy of life—here and hereafter. He based his teachings about God on the family, while he sought to correct the Jewish tendency to overhonor ancestors. He exalted family life as the highest human duty but made it plain that family relationships must not interfere with religious obligations.
He called attention to the fact that the family is a temporal institution; that it does not survive death.
In Jesus’ time divorce practices were lax in Palestine and throughout the Roman Empire. He repeatedly refused to lay down laws regarding marriage and divorce, but many of Jesus’ early followers had strong opinions on divorce and did not hesitate to attribute them to him. All of the New Testament writers held to these more stringent and advanced ideas about divorce except John Mark.
4. Economic attitude.
Jesus worked, lived, and traded in the world as he found it. He was not an economic reformer, although he did frequently call attention to the injustice of the unequal distribution of wealth. But he did not offer any suggestions by way of remedy. He made it plain to the three (disciples) that, while his apostles were not to hold property, he was not preaching against wealth and property, merely its unequal and unfair distribution. He recognized the need for social justice and industrial fairness, but he offered no rules for their attainment.
He never taught his followers to avoid earthly possessions, only his twelve apostles. Luke, the physician, was a strong believer in social equality, and he did much to interpret Jesus’ sayings in harmony with his personal beliefs. Jesus never personally directed his followers to adopt a communal mode of life; he made no pronouncement of any sort regarding such matters.
Jesus frequently warned his listeners against covetousness (possessiveness) , declaring that :
“a man’s happiness consists not in the abundance of his material possessions.”
He constantly reiterated, “What shall it profit a man if he gain the whole world and lose his own soul?”
He made no direct attack on the possession of property, but he did insist that it is eternally essential that spiritual values come first.
In his later teachings he sought to correct many erroneous earthly views of life by narrating numerous parables which he presented in the course of his public ministry. Jesus never intended to formulate economic theories; he well knew that each age must evolve its own remedies for existing troubles. And if Jesus were on earth today, living his life in the flesh, he would be a great disappointment to the majority of good men and women for the simple reason that he would not take sides in present-day political, social, or economic disputes. He would remain grandly aloof while teaching you how to perfect your inner spiritual life so as to render you manyfold more competent to attack the solution of your purely human problems.
Jesus would make all men Godlike and then stand by sympathetically while these sons of God solve their own political, social, and economic problems.
It was not wealth that he denounced, but what wealth does to the majority of its devotees. On this Thursday afternoon Jesus first told his associates that “it is more blessed to give than to receive.”
5. Religious attitude-Personal religion.
You, as did his apostles, should better understand Jesus’ teachings by his life. He lived a perfected life on earth, and his unique teachings can only be understood when that life is visualized in its immediate background. It is his life, and not his lessons to the twelve or his sermons to the multitudes, that will assist most in revealing the Father’s (God's) divine character and loving personality.
Jesus did not attack the teachings of the Hebrew prophets or the Greek moralists. The Master (Jesus) recognized the many good things which these great teachers stood for, but he had come down to earth to teach something additional, “the voluntary conformity of man’s will to God’s will.”
Jesus did not want simply to produce a religious man, a mortal wholly occupied with religious feelings and actuated only by spiritual impulses. Could you have had but one look at him, you would have known that Jesus was a real man of great experience in the things of this world.
The teachings of Jesus in this respect have been grossly perverted and much misrepresented all down through the centuries of the Christian era; you have also held perverted ideas about the Master’s meekness and humility. What he aimed at in his life appears to have been a superb self-respect.
He only advised man to humble himself that he might become truly exalted; what he really aimed at was true humility toward God.
He placed great value upon sincerity—a pure heart. Fidelity (faithfulness) was a cardinal virtue in his estimate of character, while courage was the very heart of his teachings.
“Fear not” was his watchword, and patient endurance his ideal of strength of character. The teachings of Jesus constitute a religion of valor, courage, and heroism. And this is just why he chose as his personal representatives twelve commonplace men, the majority of whom were rugged, virile, and manly fishermen.
Jesus had little to say about the social vices of his day; seldom did he make reference to moral delinquency. He was a positive teacher of true virtue. He studiously avoided the negative method of imparting instruction; he refused to advertise evil. He was not even a moral reformer.
He well knew, and so taught his apostles, that the sensual urges of mankind are not suppressed by either religious rebuke or legal prohibitions.
His few denunciations were largely directed against pride, cruelty, oppression, and hypocrisy.
Jesus knew men were different, and he so taught his apostles.
He constantly exhorted them to refrain from trying to mold the disciples and believers according to some set pattern.
He sought to allow each soul to develop in its own way, a perfecting and separate individual before God.
In answer to one of Peter’s many questions, the Master said: “I want to set men free so that they can start out afresh as little children upon the new and better life.”
Jesus always insisted that true goodness must be unconscious, in bestowing charity not allowing the left hand to know what the right hand does.
The teaching of Jesus is a religion for everybody, not alone for weaklings and slaves.
His religion never became crystallized (during his day) into creeds and theological laws; he left not a line of writing behind him.
His life and teachings were bequeathed the universe as an inspirational and idealistic inheritance suitable for the spiritual guidance and moral instruction of all ages on all worlds. And even today, Jesus’ teaching stands apart from all religions, as such, albeit it is the living hope of every one of them.
Jesus did not teach his apostles that religion is man’s only earthly pursuit; that was the Jewish idea of serving God.
But he did insist that religion was the exclusive business of the twelve. Jesus taught nothing to deter his believers from the pursuit of genuine culture; he only detracted from the tradition-bound religious schools of Jerusalem.
He was liberal, bighearted, learned, and tolerant. Self-conscious piety (righteousness) had no place in his philosophy of righteous living.
The Master offered no solutions for the nonreligious problems of his own age nor for any subsequent age.
Jesus wished to develop spiritual insight into eternal realities and to stimulate initiative in the originality of living; he concerned himself exclusively with the underlying and permanent spiritual needs of the human race. He revealed a goodness equal to God. He exalted love— truth, beauty, and goodness— as the divine ideal and the eternal reality.
The Master came to create in man a new spirit, a new will—to impart a new capacity for knowing the truth, experiencing compassion, and choosing goodness—the will to be in harmony with God's will, coupled with the eternal urge to become perfect, even as the Father in heaven (God) is perfect.
[As told by the invisible non-human authors in Part-IV of my favorite book covering the detailed life and teachings of Jesus Christ on earth and quoted from paper-140 titled 'the Ordination of the Twelve'. To know more about this wonderful book of knowledge and life guidance visit my wesite dedicated to it by clicking here !]